The Council of Trent and the Index Librorum Prohibitorum
COUNCIL OF TRENT. Canones Et Decreta Sacrosancti oecumenici et generalis concilii tridentini. Sub Paolo III. Ivlio III. Pio IIII. Pont. Max...Adiectus est Index Librorum Prohibitorum, cum Regu-lis Confectis per Patres a Tridentina Synodo delectos, authoritate sanctiss. D.N. PII IIII. Pont. Max. comprobatus. Dillingen: Sebaldus Mayer , 1564.
First Dillingen edition, published the same year at the Rome edition. With the Index Librorum Prohibitorum. Small octavo (6 1/8 x 4 inches; 156 x 100mm). [1]-264; [1]-40 leaves. Historiated initials. We could only find this Dillingen edition three times at auction in the past fifty years, much less than the Rome edition.

[bound together with]

KROMER, Marcin. Orechovivus, Sive De Conivgio et Coelibatv Sacerdotum Commentatio, Ad Stanislaum Orechouium. Nunc primum edita. Cologne: Apud Maternum Cholinum, 1564.

First edition of Kromer's commentary on consanguinity. [1]-101, [1, publisher's device] pp.

Three works bound together in one small octavo volume. Full contemporary pigskin over beveled boards, elaborately stamped in blind. Title in contemporary ink manuscript on spine. Two brass clasps. Some rubbing and soiling to boards. Front free endpaper detached but present. Some minor worming to front pastedown. Contemporary ink notes to title-page and fore-edge of text block. Some very minor dampstaining along fore-edge, not affecting text. Two tiny closed marginal tears to G2 of last work, not affecting text. Overall very good.

"It was in 1543, under Pope Paul III, that the Holy Office issued for the first time a list of forbidden books-the first catalogue with the title Index and the first Roman list intended for the whole world. The then rules, De Libris Prohibitis, a product of the Council of Trent, were promulgated in 1564. Until the end of the sixteenth century the Index was used mainly to help in the Vatican's fight against the Reformation...Over forty Indexes have been published since the Renaissance. The latest was issued in 1948, with Supplements down to 1961; it runs to five hundred and ten pages and contains over six thousand titles. The Vatican announced in 1966 that there would be no further issues." (PMM, 82).

Present edition is a "Reprint of the first editions of the Canones et decreta of 1563 and the Index librorum prohibitorum as revised by the Council of Trent. One of two editions of the Tridentine Index printed in Germany in the same year as the first edition and the first to be combined with the Canones et decreta. The 1564 index was the basis of all subsequent editions of the Index of Banned Books and the first to contain the ten rules for the control of print by the Catholic Church. This edition was printed in the Catholic city of Dillingen in Bavaria, a major centre of the Counter-Reformation with a university founded in 1549. This edition which bans the Talmud was printed the same year as the Italian edition, the first edition to ban the Talmud." (From Kestenbaum and Company).

PMM 82, (entry for the 1559 Index)

HBS # 68053 $4,500