First Edition of the Inspiration for Defoe's "Robinson Crusoe" and the "First Printed Depictions of California Indians"
COOKE, Edward. Voyage to the South Sea, and round the World. Perform’d in the Years 1708, 1709, 1710, and 1711. Containing a journal of all memorable transactions during the said voyage. A description of the American coasts... London: Printed by H. M. for B. Lintot and R. Gosling... , 1712.
First edition. Octavo (7 3/4 x 4 5/8 inches; 195 x 117 mm). [23], [1, errata], 456, [10, index], [2, ads] pp. Folding engraved frontispiece "Map of the World", sixteen numbered engraved plates, and 3 unnumbered engraved maps and plans, two of which are folding, Including a map of the "Amazon River" and the "City of Cusco". Engraved initials and head-and-tailpieces throughout.

Contemporary full paneled calf Boards ruled in gilt. Spine stamped and lettered in gilt. Gilt board edges. Top of the spine with small chip. Bottom of spine and corners with some shelf-wear. A minor abrasion to lower half of spine. Some foxing, mainly to endpapers and preliminary blank. Some toning to the text block. Previous owner's old ink notes to front endpapers. Previous owner "Lord Sandys" armorial bookplate to front pastedown ( (probably Samuel Sandys, 1st Baron Sandys, 1695-1770). A printer's error ink smudge to pages 248-249. Overall a very good copy.

“Issued hurriedly in one volume, with the voyage home compressed into the final chapter, in order to be on the market before the appearance of a rival publisher’s account of the same voyage by Woodes Rogers. More leisure permitted for the second edition an amplification of that final chapter into a second volume [that chapter being deleted from the second edition of Volume I]” (Howes).

Cooke was second captain on board the Dutchess, the ship which accompanied the Duke, both under the command of Woodes Rogers, on a buccaneering expedition around the world. Cooke went on shore in California in December 1709, and gives an account of the country, with plates showing natives and fish. It is generally accepted that Daniel Defoe used this first account of Alexander Selkirk’s years on Juan Fernandez Island for his Robinson Crusoe.

"As a result of the death of Carlos II of Spain without direct heir, in 1700 Europe was again engaged in international conflict, the War of Spanish Succession. The monarch’s will had granted the throne to his cousin, Philip of Valois (Felipe V), a grandson of Louis XIV and, fearful of the formation of a Franco-Hispanic power bloc, England allied with Austria to press for succession by Leopold of Hapsburg, another cousin of the deceased king. As the war progressed, the Anglo-Austrian alliance sought means to cripple Spanish power by attacking her sources of wealth in the New World. In 1708 the British Parliament authorized privateering voyages free from royal taxation, and various investors in England initiated the outfitting of ships for attacking Spanish sea lanes. In that same year, Woodes Rogers, in command of the expedition and captaining the Duke and Stephen Courtney captaining the Dutchess, with Edward Cooke, an experienced but luckless mariner who had lost two ships to the French, as second captain, sailed from Bristol. The voyage was to follow the routes and methodology established over a century earlier by Francis Drake (1578-1580) and his successor, Thomas Cavendish (1586-1588) by sailing as surreptitiously as possible to the east coast of South America and southward, rounding Cape Horn, and attacking Spanish ports and shipping on the relatively little-defended Pacific Coast. The primary targets were to be the silver galleons sailing from Callao to Panamá and, with luck, the Manila galleon bringing treasure from Asia to the west coast of New Spain. Entering the Pacific in 1709, the Duke and Dutchess made history in February by rescuing Alexander Selkirk, marooned on Isla Juan Fernández and later immortalized by Daniel Defoe as Robinson Crusoe. Proceeding northward, the ships captured some twenty ships off the Chilean, Peruvian, and Ecuadorian coasts, and occupied the port of Guayaquil. There they took the Havre de Grace, renamed Marquis and placed under the command of Cooke. Continuing, the expedition coasted Central America and New Spain, and stood off Cabo San Lucas from mid-November to January, 1710, awaiting the Manila ship. Their patience was rewarded with the arrival of the Nuestra Señora de la Encarnación y Desengaño and the Nuestra Señora de Begoña, with the Duke capturing the former, but the latter giving battle for two days, successfully driving off the three privateers. Following repairs, the four ships (Encarnación y Desengaño renamed Batchelor) sailed from Cabo San Lucas across the Pacific, rounded the Cape of Good Hope, and reached England in October 1711. During their long sojourn at Cabo San Lucas both Cooke and Rogers made lengthy ethnographic, geographic, zoological, and botanical observations. Of the two, Cooke provided far more detailed descriptions, and when the first volume of his Voyage appeared, it contained the first printed depictions of California Indians and their housing and utensils, as well as those of numerous birds, sea life, and plants. The publication of Cooke’s Voyage preceded that of Rogers by a few months." (W. Michael Mathes).

Cowan, pp. 141-142. Hill I, p. 64. Howes C733. Sabin 16303. Streeter 2427. Wagner, Spanish Southwest, 77.

HBS # 68200 $4,750